The FAO releases The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2024

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
7 June 2024

Global fisheries and aquaculture production reached a record 223.2 million tonnes in 2022, according to the FAO’s latest SOFIA report. For the first time, aquaculture production (130.9 million tonnes) surpassed capture fisheries, accounting for 51% of aquatic animal output. This surge highlights aquaculture’s potential to meet rising global demand for aquatic foods. Despite this progress, the FAO emphasizes the need for sustainable practices to enhance food security and support impoverished regions, particularly in Africa.

In 2022, the top ten aquaculture-producing countries, including China and India, dominated the sector, but many low-income nations underutilize their potential. Effective policies and investments are crucial for sustainable growth in these areas. Global consumption of aquatic foods also increased, reaching 162.5 million tonnes in 2021, with per capita consumption rising from 9.1 kg in 1961 to 20.7 kg in 2022. Aquatic foods are essential for nutrition, providing high-quality proteins and key nutrients.

Capture fisheries remained stable at 92.3 million tonnes, though the proportion of sustainable stocks fell to 62.3% in 2021. FAO projects further increases in production and consumption, with a 10% rise in aquatic animal production by 2032. However, challenges persist, including declining employment in the sector and gender inequality.

Published every two years since 1994, SOFIA has become, over the years, a key reference for governments, policymakers, practitioners, academics, and civil society organizations, guiding the conservation and effective management of marine resources, contributing to a healthy and productive Ocean.

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