Water quality is essential for public health, ecosystem health and the economy. Degraded water quality can occur as a result of pollution from sewage discharge, oil spills, industrial waste, agricultural runoff, storm water runoff, and sediment runoff. Impacts of poor water quality include exposure to disease and harmful chemicals, reduction in viability of impact economically important fisheries species, hypoxia events and destruction of ecosystems. As coastal populations and development increase, coastal environments become at greater risk for water quality issues.
Earth observations play a vital role in supplying decision makers with data and information about water quality. Ground-based (in situ) observations and satellite observations can be used together to monitor and forecast water quality across the globe.
GEO Blue Planet Working Groups
Introduction Marine litter is defined as “any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded, disposed of or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment”. From microplastics to derelict fishing gear, its various forms and sizes are found from coastal shores to the depths of the oceans, and even in remote areas far from human […]
GEO Blue Planet Projects
Background In 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by the United Nations Member States. The aim of this agenda was to detail a blueprint for peace and prosperity for the people and planet, now and into the future. At its core were 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an […]