More than half of the world’s population lives in coastal areas resulting in environmental degradation of many coastal environments. Coastal populations are continuing to increase resulting in new urban development. These populations face threats due to rising sea levels, hurricanes, coastal storms, tsunamis and coastal erosion. In order to reduce and mitigate damage to the environment and coastal communities, urban development in coastal areas needs to be accomplished in a sustainable manner.
Earth observations supply information that is required for proper management of coastal resources and community resiliency to environmental pressures, allowing for sustainable coasts.