Water-associated diseases Working Group Journal Article

Members of the GEO Blue Planet Water-associated diseases working group along with partners from Plymouth Marine Laboratory, National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and Nansen Environmental Research Centre India (NERCI) have published a new journal article in Remote Sensing titled “Environmental Reservoirs of Vibrio cholerae: Challenges and Opportunities for Ocean-Color Remote Sensing

 

Abstract

The World Health Organization has estimated the burden of the on-going pandemic of cholera at 1.3 to 4 million cases per year worldwide in 2016, and a doubling of case-fatality-rate to 1.8% in 2016 from 0.8% in 2015. The disease cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae that can be found in environmental reservoirs, living either in free planktonic form or in association with host organisms, non-living particulate matter or in the sediment, and participating in various biogeochemical cycles. An increasing number of epidemiological studies are using land- and water-based remote-sensing observations for monitoring, surveillance, or risk mapping of Vibrio pathogens and cholera outbreaks. Although the Vibrio pathogens cannot be sensed directly by satellite sensors, remotely-sensed data can be used to infer their presence. Here, we review the use of ocean-color remote-sensing data, in conjunction with information on the ecology of the pathogen, to map its distribution and forecast risk of disease occurrence. Finally, we assess how satellite-based information on cholera may help support the Sustainable Development Goals and targets on Health (Goal 3), Water Quality (Goal 6), Climate (Goal 13), and Life Below Water (Goal 14).

 
Posted in Uncategorized.